Every state connected with high blood pressure is dangerous for a human, as it can cause several illnesses. One of the most important is hypertensive heart diseases. It occurs because of high blood pressure. But first of all, it is necessary to specify the types of illness as they can be various. And the treatment of them also requires different approaches.
What types of hypertensive heart diseases exist?
If there is a problem with hypertension, it usually affects the arteries and heart muscles. In general, doctors distinguish two types of heart diseases:
- Arteries narrowing.
- The changes in heart size.
As for the first, the problem arises when arteries deliver blood directly to the heart. If the blood pressure level is abnormal, the vessels are narrow. Under these conditions, blood flows slowly, or even blood circulation may stop. Doctors commonly relate this deviation to the illness called coronary heart disease. In this case, the heart has difficulties transporting blood to other organs in the body. The consequences of this disorder can lead to death or a heart attack.
As for the second problem, it is related to the muscles, as in all other parts of the body. When we have regular exercise, we strengthen our muscles. The same situation is with the main organ of our body. High readings in blood pressure make the heart work as hard as possible. It becomes difficult to pass blood through the arteries. And the heart began to grow because of these conditions. These changes another complication, that is even more dangerous than coronary heart disease.
Why is it dangerous to be a victim of these states?
You know that any disorders or inflammations in our body cause changes in our bodies. These changes can be serious, but sometimes they are quite difficult to notice. But these two conditions seriously affect the heart and the following complications occur:
- Heart failure: it is associated with a condition where it becomes difficult to transport blood to other organs of the body. Lack of blood causes problems in other organs as well.
- Arrhythmia: it is the most widespread symptom among adults. It simply means that there are irregular beatings in your heart.
- Ischemic heart disease: the key point here is the lack of oxygen delivered to the heart.
- Heart attack: there is not enough blood for the heart, and the result of it the lack of oxygen that makes the heart die.
- Sudden cardiac arrest: it is a sudden stop of the heart, it leads to death when a person stops breathing and loses consciousness immediately.
- Stroke and death are the most serious complications that can occur. It is almost impossible to return to a normal life after a stroke.
How to identify the symptoms of this disease?
Despite the fact, that hypertension is called “a silent killer”, it is possible to notice that something is wrong with you. It is especially noticeable when you have hypertensive heart disease. The symptoms can be different, and the presence or absence one of them is connected with many factors. But the main symptoms are the following:
- Pains in the chest.
- Shortness of breath.
- Pains in different parts of the body, including shoulders, arms, legs.
- Extreme pressure in the chest.
- Loss of appetite.
If you have one of these symptoms, it is strongly recommended to visit a doctor to take your blood pressure. A regular examination by a doctor can help you stay healthy. But if you feel that your heart beats abnormally, it is the first sign that you have problems with blood pressure. It is better nor to postpone your visit to the doctor, sometimes, even calling the emergency service can save your life.
But it is reasonable to ask the question, who can suffer from it. The answer is quite simple to the questions. People who have obesity, lead an inactive way of life, smokers, and alcoholics, fast-food fans – they are all subjected to this problem. Doctors report that hypertensive heart disease can be inherited. If anybody in your family has ever suffered from it, the problem can appear in the next generation. It is even said, that men have more chances to suffer from it. But the risk of hypertensive heart diseases is developing with aging, no matter what sex you are.
What are the medical instruments to identify the problem?
If we speak about identifying the problem, the doctor must conduct a full examination including kidneys tests, physical examination and so on. It is also recommended to get to know the level of sodium and potassium in the body, as they are very important, especially the level of potassium. It can be the key factor in developing high blood pressure. A complex examination can include electrocardiograms. It reflects the activity of the heart.
The most effective way to identify the problem is coronary angiography. It shows the ability of the blood to run through arteries. The procedure includes a small tube, that is put into the artery through a catheter. Some other additional tests help identify the problem. The doctor may ask you to do some exercises to examine the heart. Another popular test is a nuclear stress test. It is usually carried out when a patient rests and exercises. It gives two different readings that are compared to specify the ability to deliver blood to the heart.
How to treat a person who has hypertensive heart disease?
Any kind of treatment depends on the state of a patient. If the condition is serious, it requires much more attention. It can also depend on the age and medical history. If we speak about medication, the main aims here are:
- Prevent blood from clotting – in this case, doctors usually prescribe aspirin.
- Water pills are usually prescribed to lower blood pressure.
- Blockers and inhibitors are necessary to lower blood pressure.
- Nitrates also help reduce pain in the chest.
It is extremely important to take all the medications as the doctor prescribed because any deviation can make the problem even worse.
In some cases, surgery is the only way out. When the problem is considered as rather serious, the surgery includes implanting a pacemaker in the chest. The importance of the device is rather high, as it produces electrical impulses. It makes cardiac muscles work properly.
The National Health Service reported that the easiest way to avoid hypertensive heart disease is to keep to a balanced diet. It is recommended to keep to a low-fat or high-fiber diet. It can’t protect you at all, but the risks of development are decreasing. Physical activity is another factor that can improve your state, and it is connected not only with the heart. It is better to get rid of bad habits, including smoking, alcohol intake and extreme stress. If you want to be healthy, it is up to you to decide what way of life to lead. Even 10-15 minutes of exercise will be enough to stay in good shape, but it is necessary to do them regularly. People who don’t do regular exercise are twice likely to have heart problems than those who exercise daily.